Wild orchids of Israel. Part 1

Ophryis bornmuelleri. (Photo by Iliya Lifland)
Ophryis bornmuelleri. (Photo by Iliya Lifland)

In the first line of the article warned that it would in no way claim to be scientific value. The slightest claim to the demand of labor, it is unthinkable in our climate. True, there is a number of Torah study with more rigorous, perhaps even without removing the black jackets or blouses with long sleeves. But these people will be rewarded at least in another world. We expect only a slight attention to the reader, such as amateur, as these writers, who write those lines.
Number of species of orchids, wild in Israel, reaching 30, they are combined in 11 genera. For the most part, they were known even before the establishment of the State of Israel, only 4 species were found later.

Ophrys apifera. (Photo by Iliya Lifland)
Ophrys apifera. (Photo by Iliya Lifland)

Some species found in neighboring countries: Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Cyprus and other Mediterranean countries. There are some species – in Europe, North Africa, America and Canada. But there are also endemics.
All Israeli wild orchids are terrestrial and lithophyte. All of them are ephemeras. All, according to the Botanical Gardens, can grow only in areas of natural habitat, but we are personally familiar with one citizen to refute the allegation in his garden.
All of them are under state protection.
Then the complexity began. A list of 30 species I found in a remarkable book: Asaf Shifman “Wild orchids in Israel. Guide” (in the book and based my knowledge), does not coincide with a list of 30 species at the site of the Jerusalem Botanical Gardens.
How much time was spent on the comparison, identifying synonyms! The same plant in different sources can be attributed to different species and even childbirth. Variety of any kind from one another author can provide an independent view – such as Ophrys omegaifera – syn. Ophrys fusca ssp. omegaifera or Ophrys fusca ssp. durieui – syn. Ophrys atlantica ssp. atlantica ….
Nearly all Israeli orchids have their name in Hebrew, is almost never matches the meaning of the Latin. At the Russian Latin and Hebrew are translated in different ways, and only rarely coincide with names taken from the Russians. The latter sounds quite a tricky to foreign ears.
But then I remembered ac. Landau, who once closed the staff report, painting difficulties traversed way, and saying: “That you tell your wife but for us report the results.”

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